As explained, the toolkits would help support countries
seeking to develop and strengthen national policy and regulatory frameworks
related to the prevention of air pollution and the reduction of greenhouse gas
emissions from ships.
The Ship Emissions Toolkit and Port Emissions Toolkit have
been developed under the GEF-UNDP-IMO Global Maritime Energy Efficiency
Partnerships (GloMEEP) Project, in collaboration with its strategic partners,
the Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology (IMarEST) and the
International Association of Ports and Harbors (IAPH).
“Both the ship and port emission toolkits provide practical
guidance on assessing emissions so that a national emission reduction strategy
for the maritime sector can be developed. The GloMEEP guides provide a wealth
of information on assessment techniques and how to develop a national strategy,
as well as links to further practical guidance,” Astrid Dispert, GloMEEP
Technical Adviser, said.
Both toolkits — available free to download from the GloMEEP
website — have been developed through extensive testing and feedback from
practical use of the toolkit guides during national and regional training
activities held in the 10 lead pilot countries participating in the GloMEEP
“Ports and shipping are intrinsically linked – as such,
efforts to reduce maritime emissions need to extend beyond seagoing ships
alone. IMO’s MARPOL Annex VI regulations on air pollution and energy efficiency
are aimed at ships, but it is clear that for port emissions to be reduced,
national authorities need to consider emissions from all sources, including
cargo handling equipment, trucks – as well as domestic vessels. By utilising
these guides, countries can develop national strategies which will address
emissions from their maritime sector as a whole – protecting public health and
the environment and contributing to the fight against climate change,” Dispert
Such strategies would include incorporating IMO regulations
into national legislation. Annex VI of IMO’s International Convention for the
Prevention of Pollution from ships (MARPOL) includes regulations to limit air
pollution from ships as well as energy efficiency regulations to cut greenhouse
gas emissions from ships.
In April 2018, IMO adopted its initial IMO strategy on
reduction of GHG emissions from ships, which sets out a vision to reduce GHG
emissions from international shipping and phase them out, as soon as possible
in this century. The initial strategy recognizes the important role of ports as
well as shipping in achieving the ambitious targets.
The Ship Emissions Toolkit provides a structured framework,
as well as decision support tools for evaluating emissions reduction
opportunities in maritime transport. It offers guidance to countries seeking to
develop and strengthen national policy and regulatory frameworks related to the
prevention of air pollution and the reduction of GHG emissions from ships.
It not only considers emissions from international shipping
but also encourages the user to assess emissions from and identify emissions
reduction opportunities for the domestic fleet. The toolkit also recognizes
that ships and ports are intrinsically connected and as such also provides
links to the Port Emissions Toolkit.
As more attention is focused on reducing emissions from the
entire marine shipping sector, ports are driven to understand the magnitude of
the air emissions impact from their operations on the local and global
community and to develop strategies to reduce this impact. Port emissions
inventories provide the basic building block to the development of a port
emissions reduction strategy.