The amendments were approved at the MEPC 74th session held
from May 13 to 17, 2019.
Specifically, the committee approved, for adoption at the
next session in April 2020, amendments to MARPOL Annex VI to significantly
strengthen the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) “phase 3” requirements.
The draft amendments bring forward the entry into effect
date of phase 3 to 2022, from 2025, for several ship types, including gas
carriers, general cargo ships and LNG carriers. This means that new ships built
from that date must be significantly more energy efficient than the baseline.
For containerships, the EEDI reduction rate is considerably enhanced for larger
MEPC also agreed terms of reference for a correspondence
group to look into the introduction of a possible “phase 4” of EEDI
The committee pushed forward with a number of other measures
aimed at supporting the achievement of the objectives set out in the initial
IMO strategy on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from ships, in line
with the Paris Agreement under UNFCCC and the United Nations 2030 Agenda for
One of the initiatives is the Fourth IMO GHG Study initiated
by MEPC. The work is planned to begin in autumn 2019, with a view to the final
report of the study being submitted to MEPC 76, to be held in autumn 2020.
What is more, the committee adopted a resolution encouraging
cooperation with ports to reduce emission from shipping.
As explained, this could include regulatory, technical,
operational and economic actions, such as the provision of onshore power
supply, safe and efficient bunkering of alternative low-carbon and zero-carbon
fuels, incentives promoting sustainable low-carbon and zero-carbon shipping,
and support for the optimization of port calls including facilitation of
just-in-time arrival of ships.
Moreover, MEPC approved a procedure for the impact
assessment of new measures proposed, agreed to establish a multi-donor trust
fund for GHG, and agreed terms of reference for the sixth and seventh
intersessional working groups to be held in November 2019 and in March 2020
respectively in order to expedite the work.
Also discussed were possible candidate short-term, mid- and
long-term measures aiming at reducing GHG emissions from ships.