PMO News Portal - The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO),
or Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance, the
creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai. the organization
was formed mostly due to and based on creating more interaction between member
countries in the field of security issues and the development of multilateral
cooperation to resolve border issues, but recently it has entered a new phase with
focus on the existing capacities and opportunities provided by the member
states of this organization.
Abdollah Jafari; The head of the International Agreements of
the ports and maritime Organization stated: the membership of the top two
economies in the world in this organization and the membership of China and
Russia as two of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council show the
importance of this organization. such Opportunities can be used in the form of
international meetings and negotiations with the leaders of the countries
present at the summit, even in the form of bilateral cooperation.
Jafari stressed the importance of making greater use of economic
potential in transportation and transit in the region and said: Paying special
attention to the transportation potentials through the Caspian Sea, it would be
possible to use the facilities and capacities available in the northern ports
of Iran to create a roadmap toward increasing the volume of trade and use of combined
transportation schemes with Caspian littoral countries and the CIS countries.
The Caspian Sea, as the largest lake in the world with an
area of 380,000 square kilometers, is the main route of valid transportation
and transit corridors such as the North-South corridor, the Caspian Sea-Black
Sea corridor and the Trans-Caspian corridor. Caspian ports; With an operating
capacity of about 140 million tons, a commercial performance of more than 30
million tons by 2020, and with a commercial fleet capacity of about 300 ships
have a high capacity to develop maritime trade relations.